Rodriguez or Cavazos?
Combining DNA and Collateral Genealogy to Deliver an Answer for Descendants from Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico

by Claudia Casillas

July 13, 2022

Illustration
He Remains Nameless


Like many U.S. Americans researching their Mexican ancestry, Joseph Rodriguez hit a brick wall when the paper trail came to a stop. His ancestors were from Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, in northeast Mexico. In researching his Rodriguez direct male-line, Joseph was stalled at his fifth great-grandfather named Pedro Jose Rodriguez, who died in Monterrey on 12 November 1804. 1 Some online records for this parish are not indexed, making it more challenging to find a breakthrough. 2 Joseph paired traditional genealogical research with Y-chromosome testing. He opted for the 111-marker test which revealed his closest Y-DNA matches, who also tested at the 111-marker-level, had the surname Cavazos. Whilst waiting for the results of the higher-resolution test, called the BigY-700, Joseph reached out to me for professional research assistance. When those results reached his inbox, they served to support the documentary evidence uncovered during the research.

Brick Wall: Pedro Jose Rodriguez (5th great-grandfather)
Joseph’s fifth great-grandfather, Pedro Jose Rodriguez, married Maria Gertrudis Lozano in about 1785, likely in Monterrey, where records appear for their five children in Table 1 below.

Table 1. Children of Pedro Jose Rodriguez & Maria Gertrudis Lozano in Monterrey
NAME BAPTISM MARRIAGE
i. Maria del Carmen Rodriguez 25 July 1787 3
ii. Maria Cecilia Rodriguez 2 December 17894 6 October 1811, groom Jose Ramon Treviño5
iii. Juan Jose Rodriguez 12 November 17926 28 August 1818, bride Juana Garcia7
iv. Jose Ramon Rodriguez 2 April 17958 13 July 1817, bride Maria Trinidad Islas9
v. Josefa Rodriguez 11 August 1813, groom Jose Sipriano Garcia10

Colonial Endogamy and Canon Law
Endogamy, or the custom of marrying within our own social/religious/ethnic/clan group, was widespread in Colonial Mexico. This practice led to intermarrying between cousins. Under Catholic Canon Law, if the bride and groom are related within the 4th degree—that is, if they share a common ancestor within the last three to four generations, it considers this an impediment of consanguinity. During the Spanish Colonial period, having this impediment triggered the Church to open an administrative process, during which specific information about the bride and groom was collected and documented. The dossier would include a family tree, or specific details of how these couples were related. These pre-nuptial investigation records are a rich source of genealogical information.

The marriage records for two of Pedro Jose’s daughters and one of his sons above indicate that the betrothed couples received a dispensa, or special ecclesiastical permission, to marry due to their impediment of consanguinity. Uncovering exactly how these couples were related could provide Joseph with a breakthrough past his 5th great-grandfather. Unfortunately, the pre-marital diligence investigation and dispensation records for said marriages have been permanently lost.11

Collateral Genealogy
No record for the marriage of Pedro Jose Rodriguez and Maria Gertrudis Lozano exists in the available marriage records for Monterrey.12 Key details with potential to break through Joseph’s brick wall are found in the baptismal records. In Colonial families of the era, the godparents of children being baptized by the Catholic Church were usually close family members. Many times, it was an aunt or uncle, sometimes a grandparent, and at others an older sibling. Table 2 contains information as recorded in the baptismal register for Pedro Jose’s children.

Table 2. Children of Pedro Jose Rodriguez and Maria Gertrudis Lozano, and Godparents
NAME BAPTIZED GODPARENTS
Maria del Carmen 25 July 1787 Francisco Javier Urresti & Maria Francisca de la Garza
Maria Cecilia 2 December 1789 Vicente Lozano & Maria Francisca de la Garza
Juan Jose 12 November 1792 Luis Arizpe & Francisca Rodriguez
Jose Ramon 2 April 1795 Antonio Lozano & Manuela Gonzalez

Joseph’s goal was to learn who the father of Pedro Jose Rodriguez was, so the focus lands on Francisca Rodriguez, godmother to Juan Jose in 1792. On 1 May 1779, in Monterrey, one Maria Francisca Rodriguez married Jose Francisco Arizpe. Maria Francisca was the daughter of “Jose Antonio Rodriguez, deceased, and Maria Ygnes de la Garza.” 13

Breakthrough One: Jose Antonio Rodriguez (6th great-grandfather)
The last will and testament of one Jose Antonio Rodriguez, dated 18 October 1758 in Monterrey names, among his children, Maria Francisca Rodriguez and Pedro Jose Rodriguez. Jose Antonio was born about 1700, probably in Monterrey, to Jose Rodriguez and Maria Garcia Vela. At the time his will was drawn, he was married to his second wife, named Maria Ines de la Garza.14

Jose Antonio’s last will indicates that he had a first marriage with Clara Rafaela Ledesma,15 who was deceased. From this first marriage, the will states, were born two daughters shown in Table 3.

Table 3. Children of Jose Antonio Rodriguez with first wife, Clara Rafaela de Ledesma
NAME BAPTISM MARRIAGE
i. Juana Beatriz Rodriguez 23 June 172416 wife of Javier Garcia
ii. Antonia Margarita Rodriguez wife of Jose Domingo Gonzalez

From his second marriage to Maria Ines de la Garza,17 the will states, Jose Antonio Rodriguez had the following twelve children listed in Table 4. Jose Antonio died on 23 December 1759.18

Table 4. Children of Jose Antonio Rodriguez with second wife, Ines de la Garza
NAME BAPTISM MARRIAGE
iii. Jose de Jesus Rodriguez 8 April 173219 25 November 1753, bride Rosalia Guerra20
iv. Ana Maria Rodriguez 2 March 173421
v. Juan Jose Rodriguez 17 February 173622 24 June 1764, bride Juana Maria de Olivares23
vi. Pedro Jose Rodriguez 3 February 173824 27 May 1764, Juana Cerda25abt. 1785, Maria Gertrudis Lozano
vii. Maria Rosalia Rodriguez
viii. Maria de Jesus Rodriguez 24 January 174526
ix. Clara Maria Rodriguez 7 February 174727
x. Ana Josefa Rodriguez wife of Jose Antonio de la Garza
xi. Jose Mariano Rodriguez 22 December 174228 28 Jun 1777 Catarina Serna29 11 Jan 1791, Victoriana Gongora30
xii. Jose Cayetano Rodriguez 6 June 175431 bef. 1802, bride Maria Merced de la Garza32
xiii. Antonia Francisca Rodriguez 3 July 175233
xiv. Maria Francisca Rodriguez 4 May 175634 wife of Francisco Arizpe

Jose Antonio’s last will document confirms that he was the father of Pedro Jose Rodriguez. It also names his parents, who were Jose Rodriguez and Maria Garcia Vela, thus extending the tree by one more generation.

Breakthrough Two: Jose Rodriguez (7th great-grandfather)
No marriage record for Jose Rodriguez and Maria Garcia Vela exists in the available marriage records for Monterrey.35Jose was born about 1675, and he married Maria Garcia Vela about 1698, likely in Monterrey. His burial record is dated 22 June 1730, and it states that he was the sacristan of the parish of Monterrey.36

Table 5 lists the children of Jose Rodriguez and Maria Garcia Vela.

Table 5. Children of Jose Rodriguez and Maria Garcia Vela
NAME BAPTISM MARRIAGE
i. Beatriz Rodriguez abt. 1699 17 August 1716, groom Jose Garcia Guajardo37
ii. Jose Antonio Rodriguez abt. 1700 28 Feb 1723, Clara Ledesma38 4 Feb 1731, Ines de la Garza39
iii. Miguel Rodriguez abt. 1710 3 May 1734, bride Juana Maria Sanchez40

None of the records for the children of Jose Rodriguez above names his parents.

Key Documents: Marriage Dispensations in Guadalajara, Jalisco
To break through this new paper trail brick wall, we return do doing Collateral Genealogy. In this next round, we focus on Joseph’s 5th great-grandfather’s siblings. Two of Pedro Jose Rodriguez’s sisters required special dispensations to marry cousins in the 4th degree, described in Table 6 below.

Table 6. Marriage Dispensations for Two Sisters of Pedro Jose Rodriguez
PETITION IMPEDIMENT BETROTHED COUPLE
28 January 174941 4th degree consanguinity Antonia Margarita Rodriguez & Domingo Gonzalez
5 January 177042 4th degree consanguinity Josefa Rodriguez & Jose Antonio de la Garza

Before 1779, the ecclesiastical body with jurisdiction in Monterrey was based in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico.43 Thus, the pre-marital investigation records for the marriages in Table 6 are kept at the archives of the Archdiocese of Guadalajara. Figures 1 and 2 show snippets of key information from Pedro Jose’s sisters’ pre-marital investigations. They describe exactly how they were related to their future husbands.

Illustration
Figure 1. Dispensa, Marriage of Pedro Jose’s half-sister, Margarita Rodriguez, 28 January 1749

“…of blood in equal fourth degree which proceeds in the following manner, Margarita Cavazos and a certain person that at present would not be convenient to name were siblings, from doña Margarita came doña Michaela Garcia and from her came captain Marcos Gonzalez and from him, came me the groom = and from the certain person who remains nameless, as is notorious, came Don Jose Rodriguez and from him came don Jose Antonio, and from him came the bride…”

Illustration
Figure 2. Dispensa, Marriage of Pedro Jose’s full-sister, Josepha Rodriguez, 5 January 1770

“…find ourselves related in equal fourth degree in the following manner, Doña Maria Cavazos and a certain person that should not be named were siblings and from Doña Maria came Clara, and from her Antonio, and from him Me the groom = from the person not mentioned, as is known came Joseph Rodriguez, and from him the bride, and is necessary for us to obtain dispensation…”

The two records above reveal Joseph’s 8th great-grandfather who “must remain nameless,” was the great-grandfather of the brides, and his sister(s) the great-grandmother of the grooms. During the Colonial period, one reason a person’s name was kept off a Church record was to protect their privacy or reputation. In this case, these records infer that Jose Rodriguez was the illegitimate son of a male, whose surname was Cavazos, a sibling of Margarita and Maria (could be the same person). Figure 3 is a family tree graph representation of these relationships.

Illustration
Figure 3. Family Tree Graph, 1749 Marriage Dispensation

DNA Results
Y-chromosome testing is popular among people who wish to know more about their direct male line, that is—the patrilineal ancestors (father’s-father’s-father, etc). The Y-chromosome is passed on from father to sons, and only males carry a Y-chromosome. The Y-DNA test is helpful in cases such as Joseph’s because, in our culture, the surname is generally passed along together with the Y-chromosome. Anomalies in this pattern usually reflect a change in surname, which may have transpired for various reasons.

The lab at FamilyTreeDNA, where Joseph sent his sample, offers Y-DNA test kits for the basic 37-markers, the refined 111-markers, and the BigY-700 which is the highest resolution Y-DNA test available.44 Joseph’s Y-DNA results revealed that his three closest matches at the refined 111-marker-level have the Cavazos surname. As of date of this publishing, he has no Y-DNA matches with the Rodriguez surname.45

The result of his BigY-700 test narrowed down the matches, and two of his three matches at that level have the Cavazos surname with origins in Nuevo Leon, Mexico. A close match is a direct descendant of one Antonio Cavasos, born in Nuevo Leon, whom we will meet in the next section. This last match has only a 3-step genetic distance at 111-markers, and a BigY STR Difference of 3 out of 598 markers, which--given the same surname--is interpreted as having a 5th to 9th cousin relationship, well within the parameters of this study.46 These DNA results are proof that Joseph and his Cavazos matches are paternally related.

Armed with both DNA and documentary evidence, Joseph has learned that his 9th great-grandfather was certainly the patriarch, Captain Juan Cavazos, who was one of the first settlers of Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico.
Captain Juan Cavazos: Patriarch of the Cavazos –and Some Rodriguez– Descendants from Monterrey

The last will and testament of Captain Juan Cavazos is dated 26 June 1680. 47 He died on 15 June 1683, in Monterrey. 48 In his will he proclaims to have been a native “of the Villa of Santa Maria, in Old Castille.” He declares to be the legitimate son of Gabriel Cavazos and Simona del Campo, who were neighbors of said villa. He was the widower of Elena de la Garza, a native of Monterrey. His will names their children in the following order, in Table 7.

Table 7. Children of Captain Juan Cavazos and his wife Elena de la Garza
NAME BURIAL MARRIAGE
i. Friar Juan Cavazos, a Franciscan Priest
ii. Margarita de la Garza wife of Pedro Garcia de Avila
iii. Antonio Cavazos abt. 1661, Bernarda Rodriguez de Montemayor
iv. Clara de la Garza d. 24 June 168949 wife of Agustin de la Vera
v. Maria de la Garza d. 17 December 167550 wife of Ignacio Guerra
vi. Lucia de la Garza wife of Antonio de Estrada
vii. Pablo Cavazos "died before reaching adulthood"51
viii. Gabriel Cavazos d. bef. 1680 52
ix. Jose Cavasos d. 19 February 170153 8 January 1679, Jacinta de la Cerda54

The estimated year of birth for Jose Rodriguez (Cavazos) is 1675. He could have been the son of any of the following sons of Captain Juan Cavazos: i.) Friar Juan, iii.) Antonio, viii.) Gabriel, or ix.) Jose. The possibility also exists that the person who fathered Jose Rodriguez may have been an illegitimate son of Captain Juan Cavazos, the settler.

Conclusion

Brick walls are inevitable, even more so where there is a scarcity in available records. The parish of Monterrey, Nuevo Leon is such a place. Some records there are missing, while others have not yet been indexed. However, even with limited records, the method of Collateral Genealogy will usually yield results when researching ancestors from Mexico. This case would not have been conclusive were it not also for the client’s DNA results. Although the question remains in who exactly fathered Joseph’s 7th great-grandfather, Jose Rodriguez, the existing evidence proves that his grandfather was Captain Juan Cavazos, an early settler of Monterrey, Nuevo Leon.

A Note of Gratitude

Breaking through a genealogical brick wall is not easy. Those who succeed take a no-holds-barred approach and tackle the problem from multiple fronts. Joseph Rodriguez managed to document his paternal ancestry up to his 5th great-grandfather. He also invested in multiple DNA tests for ancestry. When the limited evidence he had didn’t answer his questions—he commissioned professional research. This case study is generously shared with his permission with the view of helping others. Joseph can be reached at: jmrodriquez81@yahoo.com.


  1. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Defunciones 1795-1809 > image 256; entry for Dn. Pedro Rodrigues burial, 12 Nov 1804.
  2. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral.
  3. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Bautismos 1768-1792 > image 392; entry no. 801 for Ma del Carmen Rodrigues baptism, 25 Jul 1787. Small discrepancy in mother’s name, the scribe wrote Ma. Josefa, but Carmen’s mother was named Ma. Gertrudis.
  4. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Bautismos 1768-1792 > image 484; entry no. 614, for Ma Cecilia Rodrigues baptism, 2 Dec 1789.
  5. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Matrimonios 1800-1837 > image 150; entry no. 68, for D. Ramon Treviño and Maria Cecilia Rodrigues marriage, 6 Oct 1811.
  6. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Bautismos 1792-1800 > image 45; entry no. 132, for Juan Jph Rodrigues baptism, 21 Nov 1792.
  7. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Matrimonios 1800-1837 > image 296; entry no. 60, for Dn Juan Jose Rodriguez & Da Gertrudis Lozano [sic] marriage, 23 Jun 1818.
  8. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Bautismos 1792-1800 > image 119; entry no. 121, for Jose Ramon Rodrigues baptism, 23 Apr 1795.
  9. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Matrimonios 1800-1837 > image 276; entry no. 36, for Jose Ramon Rodrigues & Ma Trinidad Yslas marriage, 13 Jul 1817.
  10. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Matrimonios 1800-1837 > image 190; entry no. 60, for Dn Sipriano Garcia and Da Maria Josefa Rodrigues marriage, 11 Aug 1813.
  11. María Cecilia Ponce Contreras, Coordinator at the Historical Archives of the Archdiocese of Monterrey; email response to inquiry by Claudia Casillas, 30 June 2022. Held electronically by Claudia Casillas.
  12. Crispin D. Rendon, Familias de Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico (USA : self published, 2020); search for Pedro Jose Rodriguez marriage to Maria Gertrudis Lozano in years 1760-1800, index of “Matrimonios 1667-1800,” FHL microfilm 605179.
  13. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Matrimonios 1667-1800 > image 486; entry for Jose Franco Arispe-Ma Franca Rodriguez marriage, 1 May 1779.
  14. Israel Cavazos Garza, Catalogo y Sintesis de Los Protocolos del Archivo Municipal de Monterrey 1756-1785 (Ayuntamiento de Monterrey, 1988), 11-13; referencing Archivo Historico de Monterrey, Protocolos Vol. 16 (1756-1759), fol. 55, no. 24., Testamento de Jose Antonio Rodriguez, 18 Oct 1758.
  15. “Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Matrimonios 1667-1800 > image 131; entry for Jose Antto Rodrigues-Clara de Ledesma marriage, 28 Feb 1723.
  16. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Bautismos 1668-1731 > image 472; entry for Jua Beatris Rodrigues baptism, 23 Jun 1724.
  17. “Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Matrimonios 1667-1800 > image 163; entry for Jose Antto Rodrigues-Maria Ygnes de la Garza marriage, 4 Feb 1731.
  18. “Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Defunciones 1752-1794 > image 81, entry for Jose Antonio Rodrigues burial, 23 Dec 1759. This record names his father as Antonio Rodriguez and his mother as Maria Garzia.
  19. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Bautismos 1731-1768 > image 22; entry for Jose de Jesus Rodrigues baptism, 8 April 1732.
  20. “Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Matrimonios 1667-1800 > image 296; entry for Jph de Jesus Rodrigues-Rosalia Guerra marriage, 25 Nov 1753.
  21. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Bautismos 1731-1768 > image 51; entry for Anna Maria Rodrigues baptism, 2 March 1734.
  22. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Bautismos 1731-1768 > image 86; entry for Jun Joph Rodrigues baptism, 19 Feb 1736.
  23. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Matrimonios 1667-1800 > image 360; entry for Juan Jph Rodrigz-Juana Maria de Olivares marriage, 24 Jun 1764.
  24. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Bautismos 1731-1768 > image 132; entry for Pedro Joseph Rodrigues baptism, 3 Feb 1738.
  25. “Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Matrimonios 1667-1800 > image 359; entry for Pedro Jph Rodriguez-Juana de la Cerda marriage, 27 May 1764.
  26. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," familysearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Bautismos 1731-1768 > image 265; entry for Maria de Jhus Rodrigues baptism, 24 Jan 1745.
  27. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Bautismos 1731-1768 > image 302; entry for Clara Ma. Rodrigues baptism, 7 Feb 1747.
  28. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Bautismos 1731-1768 > image 215, entry for Joseph Mariano Rodrigues baptism, 22 Dec 1742.
  29. “Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Matrimonios 1667-1800 > image 468, entry for Jose Mariano Rodriguez-Maria Catarina de la Serna marriage, 27 Jun 1777.
  30. “Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Matrimonios 1667-1800 > image 566, entry for Joseph Mariano Rodriguez-Maria Victoria de Gongora marriage, 11 Jan 1791.
  31. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Bautismos 1731-1768 > image 423, entry for Jose Caietano Rodrigues baptism, 6 Jun 1754. See notes at margin.
  32. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > China > San Felipe > Bautismos 1796-1894 > image 26, entry for Maria Tiadosa Marta Rodriguez de la Garza baptism, 12 Jun 1802.
  33. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Bautismos 1731-1768 > image 372, entry for Antonia Francisca Rodrigues baptism, 3 Jul 1752.
  34. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Bautismos 1731-1768 > image 467, entry for Maria Anacleta Francisca Rodrigues baptism, 4 May 1756.
  35. Crispin D. Rendon, Familias de Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico (USA : self published, 2020); search for Jose Rodriguez marriage to Maria Garcia Vela in years 1667-1708, index of “Matrimonios 1667-1800,” FHL microfilm 605179.
  36. “Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Defunciones 1668-1752 > image 203, entry for Joseph Rodrigues burial, 22 Jun 1730.
  37. “Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Matrimonios 1667-1800 > image 105, entry for Joseph Garcia-Beatris Rrodrigues marriage, 17 Aug 1716.
  38. “Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Matrimonios 1667-1800 > image 131, entry for Jose Antto Rodrigues-Clara de Ledesma marriage, 28 Feb 1723.
  39. “Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Matrimonios 1667-1800 > image 163, entry for Jose Antto Rodrigues-Maria Ygnes de la Garza marriage, 4 Feb 1731.
  40. “Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Matrimonios 1667-1800 > image 183, entry for Miguel Rodrigues-Juana Maria Sanchez marriage, 3 May 1734.
  41. “Mexico, Jalisco, Catholic Church Records, 1590-1979,” FamilySearch > Guadalajara > Diócesis de Guadalajara > Matrimonios 1749-1750 > image 70; marriage dispensation for Joseph Domingo Gonzales Hidalgo-Antonia Margarita Rodrigues, 28 Jan 1749.
  42. “Mexico, Jalisco, Catholic Church Records, 1590-1979,” FamilySearch > Guadalajara > Diócesis de Guadalajara > Matrimonios 1770, 1773 > image 215; marriage dispensation for Joseph Antonio de la Garza-Josepha Rodriguez, 5 Jan 1770.
  43. Aureliano Tapia Mendez, Obispado del Nuevo Reino de Leon (Monterrey : Archivo General de Nuevo Leon, 1988), 27.
  44. “Test your Y-DNA” FamilyTreeDNA (https://www.familytreedna.com/products/y-dna : viewed 4 July 2022).
  45. FamilyTreeDNA, Joseph Rodriguez Y-DNA Matches (https://www.familytreedna.com : viewed 1 July 2022); sorted, highest matches at 111-markers.
  46. FamilyTreeDNA, If two men share a surname, how should the genetic distance at 111 Y-chromosome STR markers be interpreted? (https://learn.familytreedna.com/y-dna-testing/y-str/two-men-share-surname-genetic-distance-111-y-chromosome-str-markers-interpreted/ : viewed 13 July 2022).
  47. Gobierno de Monterrey (Nuevo Leon, Mexico), Archivo Historico de Monterrey online database with text extracts (https://www.monterrey.gob.mx/ArchivoHistorico/ : viewed 29 Jun 2022), results for Juan Cavazos last will and testament, 1681; citing Archivo Historico Municipal de Monterrey, Protocolos Vol. 4, fol. 5, no. 3.
  48. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Defunciones 1668-1752 > image 24, entry for Juo Cavassos, burial, 15 Jun 1683.
  49. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Defunciones 1668-1752 > image 37, entry for Clara de la Garza, burial, 24 Jun 1689.
  50. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Defunciones 1668-1752 > image 49, entry for Maria de la Garza, burial, 17 Dec 1675.
  51. Gobierno de Monterrey (Nuevo Leon, Mexico), Archivo Historico de Monterrey Testamento de Juan Cavazos, 1680.
  52. Ibid.
  53. "Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Defunciones 1668-1752 > image 70, entry for Capitan Joph. Cabasos, burial, 19 Feb 1701.
  54. “Mexico, Nuevo León, Catholic Church Records, 1667-1981," FamilySearch > Monterrey > Catedral > Matrimonios 1667-1800 > image 163, entry for Jose Cavassos-Jacinta de Lazerda marriage, 8 Jan 1679.


Copyright © 2022 by Claudia Casillas